How To Defeat Poverty
1. Raise public awareness
Awareness campaigns may include events, poster campaigns, websites, documentaries, newspaper articles, radio, TV, social media as becoming an integral part of daily life, or theatre programmed – creative, innovative ways of sharing information with the community can increase the success of awareness-raising efforts.
2. Touch on Your Own
There are several simple ways we can assist as individuals, such as supporting a poor child’s education, sponsoring a low-income family, and inspiring others to do so. Raising money and donating it to a nonprofit can help as well.
Donations can help in so many ways. They do not always have to take the form of money. This can include donating books to a needy child or buying groceries for a low-income family for a week to help fight hunger. Donating old clothes, furniture and donate toys can also help improve the well-being of the poor.
4. Reducing Gender Inequality
Among several variables accounting for women’s vulnerability to poverty are gender inequalities which undermine development and the prospects for improving standards of living. Therefore, it has been suggested that policies, which aim at reducing poverty and promoting sustainable development, must integrate gender equality, equity and women’s empowerment in its goals.
Steps to reduce gender inequality might include but are not limited to, the following:
• The ratio of boys and girls should be made equal in primary, secondary and tertiary education. Girls that attend school are less likely to get married before age 18, thus decreasing child marriage rates by 64 per cent worldwide. Similarly, literate women are less likely to spread diseases like HIV/AIDS due to a better knowledge of disease transmission, which helps to accelerate poverty reduction in the long run.
• Reduce socialization by parents and other adults of girls and boys into traditional gender roles.
• Confront gender stereotyping by popular and news media.
• Increase enforcement of existing laws against gender-based employment discrimination and sexual harassment.
5. Create Jobs
According to the International Labour Organization, 197 million people are without work worldwide. More employment options in a country mean more ways of how to stop poverty. Increase employment, non-literate people can be taught a few skills to make them employable.
6. Open Access to Proper Sanitation and Clean Water
Access to clean water and sanitation directly affects health and education. Currently, 800 million people live without access to safe water, and 2.5 billion live without adequate sanitation. Dirty bathrooms keep girls from attending schools, thus stopping them from receiving an education. Lack of clean water spreads diseases like diarrhea and cholera, which take the lives of more than one million children each year.
7. Educate Everyone
Education helps increase individual earnings for every member of a family. UNESCO points out that basic reading skills can lift 171 million people out of extreme poverty, ultimately reducing the world’s total poverty by 12 per cent. UNESCO also mentions there are currently about one billion illiterate adults in the world.